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Updated for the 2011 Scrum Guide
Here is how I define a Best Practice:
  • Best Practice -a practice that is good(but not necessarily the best) in almost all contexts and almost all team situations. This does not mean it is truly the "best" practice in all situations, nor is it necessarily the best practice for your team. The notion of a "Best Practice" in any industry or context is a Unicorn because there is no such thing, so I define it differently here to mean what most people think it means -- a good practice in almost all contexts. If someone can convey my definition in a term that is just as easy to understand as "Best Practice," then I'm all ears. Some have suggested "Great Practice" or "Great Practice in Context"

Many teams talk a good game on making changes to their development process, but fewer actually make those changes. Therefore, it is a Scrum Best Practice to make Retrospective action items highly visible to the team, usually on or very near the Scrum Board.

The visibility technique employed will be highly dependent on the team. Consider some of the following methods, or come up with your own!
  • List them in big letters on a Scrum Board
  • Create Sprint Backlog Tasks for action items and make sure they get to "done".
  • Do this: Best Practice - Review the Action Items from the Previous Retro in the Current Retro
  • On certain days (Like Mon/Wed/Fri, Tue/Thurs, even, odd, every day, etc) in the Daily Scrum, have a team member pick a retro action item to talk about and have them talk for 30-60 seconds(time-box) about the action item. They can talk about the state of the item(announce completion!), why the item is important, give the person who came up with it or completed it praise, or even something like what life will be like once that action item is completed.
  • On random days, offer a prize for anyone who can list a retrospective action item that is supposed to be completed in the current sprint. The prize can be very small or token, maybe as simple as candy or another desirable treat.